Die Hierarchie meiner WWW-Seiten logo

Angeboten: Projekte, Bachelor- und Masterarbeiten

International students: Please scroll down to the table!

Arbeiten am Department Fahrzeugtechnik und Flugzeugbau, Prüfer: Prof. Scholz

Some tasks below are written in German while others are written in English. Of course every task can be done in either language. I did not go through the trouble of writing everything in both languages. German students can understand both and can decide in which language they want to work and write. International students, please ask me for a translation if a task described in German seems interesting for you (or get started by using an online translator).


Bachelorarbeit bei mir - wie geht das rechtlich?

Fachspezifische Prüfungs- und Studienordnung der Bachelorstudiengänge Fahrzeugbau und Flugzeugbau der Hochschule für Angewandte Wissenschaften Hamburg (University of Applied Sciences) vom 11. Juni 2015

§ 4 Vorpraxis und praxisbezogene Studienanteile (Zu § 6 APSO-INGI)
(2) In den Studiengängen Fahrzeugbau und Flugzeugbau ist ein von der Hochschule gelenktes industrielles Projekt bestehend aus Praxisphase und Bachelorarbeit von insgesamt 22 Wochen Dauer [!!!=5,5 Monate!!!] ... im siebten Semester durchzuführen. Das industrielle Projekt ist vorzugsweise im industriellen Berufsfeld des Fahrzeugbau- oder Flugzeugbauingenieurs durchzuführen.

§ 7 Praxisphase und Bachelorarbeit (Zu § 15 APSO-INGI)
(4) Die Bearbeitungsdauer der Bachelorarbeit beträgt drei Monate.
(6) Entscheiden sich die Studierenden, die Praxisphase und die Bachelorarbeit in mehreren Einrichtungen oder Betrieben durchzuführen [die BACHELORARBEIT AN DER HAW HAMBURG bei mir], kann dieses in Praxisphase (15 CP) und Bachelorarbeit mit Kolloquium (15 CP) [also BACHELORARBEIT bei mir] getrennt werden. Die Trennung ist bei dem jeweiligen Praktikumsbeauftragten für das industrielle Projekt zu beantragen [DAS GEHT SCHRIFTLICH FORMLOS OHNE SCHWIERIGKEITEN]. In diesem Fall beträgt die getrennt von der Bachelorarbeit ablaufende Praxisphase [nur noch] zwei Monate [!!!] ..., die Bearbeitungsdauer der Bachelorarbeit bleibt unverändert. [!!! Sie sparen dabei sogar noch 2 Wochen !!!]


Gibt es auch etwas einfachere/schnellere Projekte?

I have been approached by students saying they want to get their credit for a project (or thesis) with as little work as possible. Other professors would be offering projects requiring very little work. In order to compete also in this race for lowest effort, I offer "Easy-Going-Projects". Time for the investigation is very limited, however, I can not compromise on writing style. Students will have to deliver a report written to scientific standards with proper references. "Easy-Going-Projects" can also be team projects. In this case, the limited work is even shared in the group. In any case, the report will look ok, but for the individual there is very little work due to the limited scale of the task.


Liste der Angebote / Tasks Offered

Thema / Topic Typ der Arbeit / Type of Work Aufgabenstellung / Task Status
The Drag Polar of the 50 Most Used Passenger Aircraft Thesis or Project Start your topic with a Systematic Literature Review (SLR). What data is available in the public? Consider: In Flight Mechanics and Aircraft Design we use a method to calculate the zero-lift drag coefficient, CD0 and the Oswald Factor, e. With these two numbers we know the (simple symmetrical) drag polar. Here are the documents: Calculate also the maximum glide ratio, (L/D)max. Compare your results with what can be found elsewhere. Produce the numbers (CD0, e) for the 50 most used passenger aircraft. The task is reduced, if selected for a project. available
Fuel Consumption of the 50 Most Used Passenger Aircraft Thesis or Project Fuel consumption of passenger aircraft is certainly known, but for the public it is considered an industry secret. Not for us. Define fuel consumption of passenger aircraft. List and explain all public sources from which aircaft fuel consumption can be obtained directly or indirectly. I will guide you and show you the "secrets". Take the 50 most used passenger aircraft and list their fuel consumption in Excel and HTML on the WWW. Write your project report. available
Fuselage Tank Location Trade-Off for Passenger Aircraft Powered with Liquid Hydrogen Thesis or Project It seems to be advantageous, to store Liquid Hydrogen (LH2) in future passenger aircraft in the fuselage and to make the fuselage longer according to the required fuel volume. Two solutions are possible: 1.) a balanced aircraft configuration with one tank in the back of the fuselage and on tank aft of the cockpit, 2.) a less well balanced aircraft configuration (page 6) with two tanks (for reduncancy) both in the back of the fuselage . In solution 1.) the integration of the forward tank outside of the pressure cabin (for safety reasons) is difficult. Show solutions how this could be done. Estimate the increase in mass due to additional pressure bulk heads and similar additions related to the baseline. How does this translate to increased fuel consumption? In solution 2.) the shift in CG location will be larger. Start with a simple calculation to show the CG shift from full to empty tank expressed in percent MAC. Look at the chapter Empennage Sizing from the Aircraft Design lecture notes. Estimate by what percentage the horizontal tail will be larger on a less well balanced aircraft configuration (2) related to the baseline. How does this translate to mass and drag increase (and L/D reduction)? How does this translate to increased fuel consumption? Calculate with an Excel Table. Keep your calculations general, so that it is based on a set of input parameters. What is the better solution (1) or (2)? available
Simple Aerodynamic and Structure Coupled Optimized Wing Design Thesis or Project The classic aircraft design optimization task is to find optimum wing parameters. A known problem is that an aerodynamic optimum shape may result in a heavy wing, which requires more lift and hence more induced drag. For this reason, the "optimum" aerodynamic shape (like an elliptical wing) may not be the overall optimum. We have a problem that couples two disciplines: aerodynamics and structure. If we ask not for minimum drag, but for minimum costs, we add economics as a third discipline. This is called Multidisciplinary Design Optimization (MDO). Usually, people think of MDO coupling CFD and FEM, but we can simply couple the equations from preliminary sizing to get an understanding of MDO. Here are the simple ingredients for our "teaching MDO": zero lift drag (13.22), wave drag (2.7) and (2.10), induced drag, mass (10.6), DOC of the wing derived from DOC equations for the aircraft, and an Estimate of costs of the high lift system from the "unswept maximum lift coefficient" (explanation follows later). All these few equations should be combined in Excel. The Solver from Excel can be used as optimizer. The task is to a) set up this "teaching MDO", b) perform parameter variations to show the classical trade-offs, c) find optimum wing parameters. If this task is used for a thesis, it would be possible to extend the MDO (described above; initially bound to the wing) to wing parameter optimization within full preliminary aircraft design. This can be done with a program already available. It is called OPerA - Optimization in Preliminary Aircraft Design. What are the differences if wing parameters are optimized in the context of the whole aircraft? Compare your general findings with results from "real" MDO as reported in the literature. available
Why the 2nd Segment is Sizing CS-25 Aircraft for Climb Requirements Thesis or Project Read in my Aircraft Design lecture notes in Chapter 5.3 about Climb Requirements from CS-25. The climb is defined in (so called) 1st Segment, 2nd Segment, 3rd Segment, and 4th Segment (Fig. 5.6). The lecture notes show (Chapter 5.3 and 5.4) how a required thrust-to-weight ratio is calculated and how it is sizing the aircraft based on 2nd Segment climb requirements. Experience (from where? literature review!) shows that 2nd Segment requirements lead to a higher thrust-to-weight ratio than the other three segments. This can easily be shown with assumptions from the lecture notes applied to all four segments considering (as required) landing gear extended or retracted, flaps extended or retracted, considering two, three, or four engines, and assuming different (plausible) lift-to-drag ratios. Show that the 2nd Segment in all variations of your parameters leads to the highest thrust-to-weight ratio (or show where the opposite is true). Now also consider Chapter 5.5 "Climb Rate during Missed Approach". This is considered separately in preliminary sizing, because it could well lead to higher thrust-to-weight ratio than 2nd Segment requirements. Please change parameters as above including CS/FAR-differences (landing gear extended or retracted) and consider different (plausible) mass ratios at landing and take-off. Sum up your finding in a report, in which you explain "Why the 2nd Segment (and Missed Approach) are Sizing CS-25 Aircraft for Climb Requirements". available
Calculating Ecolabels for Propeller-Driven Passenger Aircraft Project or Thesis (with extension of topic) We launched an Ecolabel for Aircraft. Now we want to apply it in different ways. Here is one way to use the ecolabel: Passenger aircraft with propellers have generally a quite good environmental performance. Propellers offer a high propulsive efficiency. Propeller aircraft cruise at moderate Mach number, which reduces drag. They fly at lower altitude, which substantially(!) reduces equivalent CO2. Ecolabels exist already of the propeller aircraft ATR 42 and ATR 72. Your task is to use our Ecolabel Calculator to calculate more ecolabels of propeller-driven passenger aircraft. Comment on your findings and derive general hints for passengers, when it comes to selecting an aircraft type for the next flight. available
In the projekt SAS (Simple Aircraft Sizing) I have always tasks on offer for a Project, Bachelor Thesis, or Master Thesis.
Next task in line is: SAS-Part23-Prop. Modify SAS-Part25-Prop for the small Part23 aircraft. Please get in touch: e-mail  Prof. Scholz
Flow Visualization with the CFD Tool VSPAero Project or Thesis VSPAero includes a Vortex Lattice Method (VLM) and a Panel Method. It is based on linear potential flow theory and represents thickness via panels on the aircraft's surface. Continue in the foot steps of another student with his thesis titled Software Testing: VSPAERO. Show, how VSPAero especially with its Panel Method can be used to visualize the flow around propeller and jet passenger aircraft. Make use of actuator disks for aero-propulsive analysis. VSPAero is integrated into OpenVSP and is included in its download:
http://openvsp.org/download.php. More related links at OpenVSP:
Typical Aerodynamic Coefficients – Unfit for Aircraft Comparison! Project Aircraft can be compared at system level by evaluating their fuel consumption when flying a certain range, but the results also depend e.g. on aircraft weight and engine specific fuel consumption. This delutes matters, if we are interested in aerodynamic differences. It would be good to be able to compare aircraft purely at an aerodynamic level using their lift and drag coefficients, CL and CD, or their induced drag coefficients, CDi and Oswald factor, e, but these numbers will mostly yield misleading results, because they are based on a somewhat arbitrary wing (reference) areas. For a tail aft aircraft already many definitions exist to define a wing (reference) areas. Things become even more complicated when unconventional configurations are investigated. The only resource available to the aerodynamicist for evaluating and comparing different aircraft at an aerodynamic level is the glide ratio L/D (= CL/CD), because wing area cancels out. Your task is to show how "wrong" a comparison of aircraft (vehicles) can be, if it is based on CL, CD, CDi, and e. Show this in theory and with practical examples. In which way could a "standard reference area" be defined to limit confusion? available
Topics agreed (signed), waiting for September for official start:
Calculating Parameters for the Double Trapezoidal Wing Project A double trapezoidal wing, i.e. a wing with a kink, becomes necessary for the integration of a wing mounted landing gear (and has several other advantages). The wing is where the center of gravity (CG) is located and the main landing gear needs to be positioned aft of the CG. If in this situation it is decided to attach the landing gear to the wing, a strong structural member (an additional inboard rear spar further aft) is needed for landing gear attachment. This additional rear spar needs to be integrated into the wing planform and leads to a "Yehudi". For "Yehudi" compare with Mason, Lissys, and Leeham. Once optimum parameters are found for the trapezoidal wing, the database needs to be extended to include also all parameters to describe the double trapezoidal wing. This has been programed in Excel in OpenVSP-Connect and is described in Ramachandran 2017. However missing is a) a small separate Excel table for double trapezoidal wing layout, parameter calculation, and planform visualization, b) a simple explanation of the iterative(?) nature of this calculation. The project should also include a systematic literature review of the "Yehudi". reserved


Arbeiten in Kooperation mit Firmen und Instituten

Sprechen Sie mich an: e-mail  Prof. Scholz
Thema Firma Typ der Arbeit Aufgabenstellung
--- --- ---  


Arbeiten an Hochschulen im Ausland

Sprechen Sie mich an: e-mail  Prof. Scholz
Hochschule Typ der Arbeit Bemerkung
University of Limerick
Department of Mechanical, Aeronautical and Biomedical Engineering
Projekt, Bachelor- oder Masterarbeit I.d.R. persönliche Betreuung der Arbeit durch Dr. Trevor Young
Wichita State University
Department of Aerospace Engineering
Projekt, Bachelor- oder Masterarbeit I.d.R. persönliche Betreuung der Arbeit durch Prof. Dr. Roy Myose


Weitere nützliche Links zu angebotenen Arbeiten



Vorgehen bei der Aufnahme und Abgabe eines Projektes

Aufnahme einer Projektarbeit

Ich muss leider feststellen, dass ich von Studenten wegen einer Arbeit angesprochen werde, ich Themen reserviere, es dann aber irgendwie nicht oder nur sehr verzögert zu einer Eintragung in MyHAW kommt.

Ich lege daher dieses Verfahren fest:

1.) Sie melden sich in MyHAW an:
  • 3900 Projekt/Schwerp.Entwurf (Bachelor)
  • 900 Projekt im Flugzeugbau (Master, PO 2010)
  • 16031 Projekt im Master (Master, PO 2015)
2.) Parallel gewähren Sie mir noch schriftlich das Recht, Ihre Arbeit gegebenenfalls (wenn diese dafür gut genug ist) bei mir im Internet zugänglich zu machen. Siehe dazu: http://Bibliothek.ProfScholz.de.

Erst nach 1.) und 2.) besprechen wir die tiefergehenden fachlichen Details Ihres Themas.

Abgabe einer Projektarbeit

Die Bearbeitungszeit für eine Projektarbeit beträgt 6 Monate. Bitte teilen Sie sich Ihre Arbeitszeit entsprechend ein. Man kann auch durchfallen, weil die Abgabefrist nicht eingehalten wird. Sie können bei mir formlos einen Antrag auf Fristverlängerung stellen. Das muss aber spätestens zwei Wochen vor Fristablauf geschehen. Sie werden von mir an dieses Datum nicht erinnert, sondern müssen selbst die Seite http://ArbeitenAngefangen.ProfScholz.de beachten. Bei einer möglicherweise unrichtigen Darstellung auf der Seite, sollten Sie rechtzeitig um Korrektur bitten, damit wir eine übereinstimmende Sichtweise auf Ihre Arbeit herstellen. Wenn das eingetragene Abgabedatum überschritten ist, ohne dass mir das Ergebnis der Arbeit vorliegt, werde ich (am nächsten Tag ohne weitere Rücksprache) eine 5,0 in Helios eintragen. Sie haben dann die Möglichkeit sich bei mir zu einer neuen Arbeit mit ähnlichem Thema anzumelden.

Ich weise schon an dieser Stelle darauf hin, dass ich sogenannte "4.0-Bescheinigungen" nicht erteile. Das werden andere Kollegen auch nicht anders handhaben, denn es gibt eine Handreichung vom Prüfungsausschuss unseres Departments u.a. zu "Bescheinigungen zu Studienarbeiten":
*.pdf 2020-10-18_HinweiseVomPA_Abschluss-und-ProjektArbeiten.pdf

STAND:  27.08.2022
AUTOR:  Prof. Dr. Scholz

home  Prof. Dr. Scholz
home  Aircraft Design and Systems Group (AERO)
home  Studiengang Flugzeugbau
home  Department Fahrzeugtechnik und Flugzeugbau
home  Fakultät Technik und Informatik
home  HAW Hamburg