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Lecture Flight Mechanics 1

Table of Contents

On this page:
link General Information
link Teaching Objectives
link Table of Contents

On other pages:
link deutsch Additional Information => Lecture Notes also in englisch !!!
link deutsch Examinatons
link deutsch Details related to the Laboratory ("Flight Testing")


General Information

The lecture flight mechanics 1  is a compulsory part of the advanced studies in aeronautical engineering at the University of Applied Sciences, Hamburg.
Course "Number":
Credit Hours:
4 (scheduled for the 5th semester)


Teaching Objectives


Table of Contents

item The lecture flight mechanics 1  is based on the lecture notes from the University of Limerick, Department of Mechanical & Aeronautical Engineering. Author of the notes is Trevor Young.

item The lecture flight mechanics 1  at the University of Applied Sciences Hamburg deals mainly with aircraft performance aspects. In addition, an introduction to stability & control is given. An associated laboratory deals with Flight Testing and Professional Flying.


Table of Contents of the Lecture Notes

i   Nomenclature
ii  Standard Data
iii Conversion Factors

Part 1 Aircraft Performance

1  Introduction to Flight Mechanics and the ISA
   1.1  Introduction
   1.2  The Atmosphere
   1.3  Winds and Gusts
   1.4  Mach Number and Flight Speeds

2  Definitions, Background and Aerodynamic Fundamentals
   2.1  Notation and Definitions
   2.2  Sign Convention
   2.3  Aerodynamic Forces and Moments
   2.4  Controls for Pitch, Roll and Yaw
   2.5  High Lift Devices

3  Aircraft Drag and Drag Power
   3.1  Introduction
   3.2  Aircraft Drag
   3.3  Lift/Drag Ratio
   3.4  Minimum Drag
   3.5  Minimum Power
   3.6  Dependence of Parameters on Airframe Geometry, Weight and Altitude
   3.7  Summary of Performance Expressions based on the Parabolic Drag Polar

4  Powerplant Performance
   4.1  Introduction
   4.2  Turbo-jet
   4.3  Turbo-prop
   4.4  Piston-propeller

5  Level, Climbing and Descending Flight
   5.1  Equations of Motion
   5.2  Performance in Level Flight
   5.3  Performance in Climbing Flight
   5.4  Ceiling (Maximum Altitude)
   5.5  Maximum Level Speed
   5.6  Performance in Descending (Gliding> Flight

6  Stall, Speed Stability, Turning Performance
   6.1  Stall
   6.2  Speed Stability
   6.3  Turning Performance

7  Range and Endurance
   7.1  Turbo-jet Range
   7.2  Piston-prop Range
   7.3  Turbo-jet Endurance
   7.4  Piston-prop Endurance
   7.5  Weights, Payload and Range

8  Take-off and Landing Performance
   8.1  Takeoff
   8.2  Landing
   8.3  Aircraft Operations

9  Energy Equations

10 Loads, V-n Diagrams and Flight Envelope
   10.1  Loads
   10.2  V-n Diagrams
   10.3  Flight Envelope

Aircraft Stability and Control

11 Elementary Static Longitudinal Stability
   11.1  Introduction
   11.2  Criteria for Equilibrium and Static Stability
   11.3  The Balance and Stability Equations

12 Stick-free and Stick-fixed Conditions
   12.1  Tailplane Control definition and Description
   12.2  Stick-fixed and Stick-fixed Stability
   12.3  Stick-fixed Trim Condition
   12.4  Stick-free Trim Condition

13 Longitudinal Manoeuvring Stability
   13.1  Pitching Manoeuvre
   13.2  Position of Manoeuvre Points
   13.3  Determination of Manoeuvre Points from Flight Tests
   13.4  Manoeuvre Points in Tums

14 Elementary Static Lateral Stability
   14.1  Introduction
   14.2  Rolling Moment due to Rate of Roll
   14.3  Rolling Moment due to Aileron Deflection
   14.4  Rolling Moment due to Sideslip Velocity (unswept wing)
   14.5  Autorotation

15 (reserved)

16 Introduction to Dynamic Stability
   (not copied)

17 Handling Characteristics
   (to be written later)


Appendix A  International Standard Atmosphere
Appendix B  Miscellaneous Derivations
Appendix C  Tutorial Questions
LAST UPDATE:  03 October 2018
AUTHOR:  Prof. Dr. Scholz

home  Prof. Dr. Scholz
home  Aircraft Design and Systems Group (AERO)
home  Aeronautical Engineering
home  Department of Automotive and Aeronautical Engineering
home  Faculty of Engineering and Computer Science
home  Hamburg University of Applied Sciences