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Aircraft Recycling - A Literature Review

Svenja Maaß

Purpose – The report summarizes the state-of-the-art in aircraft end-of-life strategies. A focus is on latest aircraft types with a high percentage of composite materials. --- Methodology – A literature review is the basic research method utilized. Apart from books, journals, conference proceedings, and dissertations, also technical reports and industrial news have been included into the search results. The field of aircraft end-of-life is still comparatively small, resulting in a manageable amount of literature addressing the topic directly. --- Findings – Research has been done on the topic by Airbus, Boeing, other industrial companies, and academic institutions. A market for recycled material is missing. Regulations about aircraft recycling are strongly needed but are not foreseeable in the near future. Nevertheless, the trend goes to extended producer responsibility. The aircraft recycling industry starts to build up now by the launch of several recycling plants. The aircraft recycling market will slowly mature with associations like the Aircraft Fleet Recycling Association (AFRA) and with the publication of guidance material for best practices. The significant higher percentage of composites in modern aircraft types is a challenge for aircraft recycling. --- Research limitations – The study provides only an overview on the aircraft end-of-life sector. Further research needs to be done on individual specific aspects. --- Value – The paper gives a year 2020 update on the state-of-the-art of aircraft end-of-life handling, including an overview on composite recycling regarding latest aircraft types.

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Type of work: Projekt
Advisor / Examiner:Dieter Scholz
Published by:Aircraft Design and Systems Group (AERO), Department of Automotive and Aeronautical Engineering, Hamburg University of Applied Sciences
This work is part of:transparent pin for text alignment Digital Library - Projects & Theses - Prof. Dr. Scholz --- http://library.ProfScholz.de pin
Download associated report (in German): PDF/A AERO_RR_VerkehrsflugzeugAmLebensende_2022-03-10.pdf    Size:  1.5M
URN: https://nbn-resolving.org/urn:nbn:de:gbv:18302-aero2020-04-05.018 (to reach this page)
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Keywords, German (GND): Luftfahrt,   Luftfahrzeug,   Recycling,   Material
Keywords, English (LCSH): Aeronautics,   Airplanes,   Recycling,   Materials
Keywords, free: Flugzeug, Reparatur, Lebenszyklus, Kohlenstofffaserverstärkter Kunststoff, CFK, CFRP, Richtlinie, product life cycle, composite materials, end-of-life, Airbus, Boeing, regulations, repair, GLARE, AFRA, PAMELA
DDC: 629.13,    629.1333,    363.7282,    668.494
RVK: ZO 7210

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Any further request may be directed to:
Prof. Dr.-Ing. Dieter Scholz, MSME
E-Mail see: http://www.ProfScholz.de


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MAASS, Svenja, 2020. Aircraft Recycling - A Literature Review. Projekt. Hamburg University of Applied Sciences, Aircraft Design and Systems Group (AERO). Available from: https://nbn-resolving.org/urn:nbn:de:gbv:18302-aero2020-04-05.018 [viewed YYYY-MM-DD].

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Major results / graphical abstract
Decommissioned aircraft at a recycling plant. Photo taken at eCube Solutions, UK.

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LAST UPDATE:  12 March 2022
AUTHOR:  Prof. Dr. Scholz

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