Optimal Boarding Methods for Airline Passengers

Author: Justin Müller



In this document, currently applied boarding policies are introduced. Their main characteristics are shown and briefly analyzed. Due to the variety of existing research works concerning the boarding problem that have already been done, some selected works are introduced. An overview of what has been done in these works, as well as a short outlook of their findings and results is given. This document is mainly built up by using these references whereby it can be treated as a literal research work. The fundamental characteristics of the boarding process are herewith stated, as well as with the help of general understanding gathered by personal observations. The understanding of the process enables to generate formulations that can be used to be represented by mathematical models or simulation. Based on this understanding, a comparison study of two different policies, representing two major popular applied methods, is being undertaken. The result of this investigation shall give insights to the influence of the cabin width on boarding time; it shows furthermore that the often criticized back-to-front method could be preferred under given circumstances. The results and findings that were done by other studies are stated and discussed. By summarizing these results, the major accordance of the 'Window-Middle-Aisle' policy to be the most efficient one is found. An outlook of the impact of some innovative policies in reality is given by the example of two market leading airlines.